Irregular heartbeat: symptoms and causes
An irregular or abnormal heartbeat (arrhythmia) is when the heart rhythm is not steady.
Coronary heart disease
Coronary heart disease, also known as coronary artery disease, is a common condition where the major blood vessels to the heart become blocked and narrowed.
A cardiac arrest is when the heart suddenly stops beating. It is a medical emergency and can be fatal without immediate treatment.
Peripheral artery disease
Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a type of cardiovascular disease in which the narrowing of arteries results in reduced blood flow to a body part outside of the heart or brain.
Blood clots: symptoms and causes
Blood clotting is a natural process that occurs to prevent excessive bleeding. However, blood clots can also form on the inside of blood vessels.
Atherosclerotic plaque is composed of fat, cholesterol, calcium and inflammatory cells that build up on the inside of the body’s arteries.
Atrial fibrillation: irregular heartbeat
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a type of abnormal heart rhythm where the heart beats irregularly – it may be rapid or slow.
Cardiovascular disease: impacts and risks
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) refers to all the diseases of the heart and circulation, including coronary heart disease, atrial fibrillation, heart attack, congenital heart disease and stroke.
Thrombosis: symptoms and causes
Thrombosis is when a blood clot (thrombus) forms inside a blood vessel, potentially blocking the flow of blood through the circulatory system and causing serious health issues.
Atherosclerosis: causes and risk factors
Atherosclerosis is the main underlying cause of cardiovascular disease.
Heart attack: causes and warning signs
A heart attack occurs when the heart is deprived of oxygen due to a blockage in one of the coronary arteries that supplies blood to the heart.
Acute coronary syndrome
Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is an umbrella term for situations where blood supply to the heart is blocked.
Congenital heart disease
Congenital heart disease is a general term for problems with the heart’s structure that are present from birth. It is the most common type of birth defect.
Heart failure is when the heart does not work as well as it should in pumping blood and oxygen around the body, causing extra fluid to build up in the body.
Heart disease in the Māori community
Māori adults have higher rates of most health conditions – including coronary heart disease, stroke and diabetes – and lower access to health care than non-Māori adults.
Stroke: symptoms, causes and prevention
A stroke occurs when the brain does not get the blood supply that it needs.
Women and heart disease
Heart disease and heart attacks are often associated with middle aged or older men. However, women are just as affected.
Preeclampsia: signs, symptoms and treatment
Preeclampsia is a serious condition where high blood pressure develops during pregnancy, affecting both the mother and unborn baby.
Diabetes is a condition in which the body cannot maintain healthy blood glucose levels. People living with type 2 diabetes are over twice as likely to develop cardiovascular disease.